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The nephron of the kidney is made up of two major parts; the renal corpuscle and the tubules. These are then both sub-divided into various parts and overall it is this structure which allows the kidney to filter the blood and then alter the composition of this filtrate to ensure that waste products are excreted and useful compounds preserved. The renal corpuscle can be subdivided into the glomerulus and the bowmans capsule. The tubules are split into the proximal tubule, the loop of henle, the distal tubule and the collecting duct