The entire skin is shed on a regular basis, often two to four times a year. The frequency depends upon the rapidity of growth, age, nutritional state, size and environmental factors.
Dysecdysis is improper or incomplete shedding. It may occur for various reasons including disease (mites, endocrinopathies, malnutrition, dermatitis or trauma) and problems of captivity (incorrect humidity, incorrect handling). Sometimes the spectacle fails to shed and remains as an opaque cover over the eye, restricting vision.
Any snake with dysecdysis should be placed in a bath of tepid water for a minimum of 30 minutes and then placed between layers of dampened towels. As the animal crawls through the towel, this loosens and removes the soft epidermis. Additional treatment includes the application of contact lens solution on retained tertiary spectacles.
A bath large enough for the snake to lie in should be placed in the cage. Sturdy rocks and logs should also be placed in the cage so the snake can start moulting by rubbing its chin on those structures.
Find out more information about helping to prevent dysecdysis using good husbandry.
|Snake Dysecdysis Learning Resources|
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Frye, FL & Williams, DL (1995) Self-Assessment Colour Review - Reptiles & Amphibians Manson
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