Difference between revisions of "Q Fever"

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[[Category:Rickettsiales]][[Category:Sheep Bacteria]][[Category:Goat Bacteria]][[Category:Cattle Bacteria]]

Revision as of 17:57, 16 January 2011

Q fever

  • Caused by Coxiella burnetti
  • Influenza-like disease of humans in contact with farm animals
  • Transmitted to humans by inhalation from parturient sheep, goats and cattle
  • Organisms replicate in female genital tract and mammary glands of ruminants
  • Shedding occurs in uterine discharges, foetal fluid and milk
  • Infections in animals usually subclinical
  • Sporadic abortions occur in sheep, goats, cattle, cats
  • Infertility may result in ruminants, as well as placentitis or endometritis
  • Hepatitis, myocarditis and interstitial pneumonia may occur in affected foetuses
  • Diagnosis: MZN-stained smears of placental tissue and uterine discharges; immunofluorescence; PCR; culture; serology
  • Control: disposal of infected placenta and separation of pregnant ruminants; inactivated vaccines

Coxiella burnetti (rickettsia) Infection by inhalation, ingestion or tick bites. Leads to late abortion or birth of weak lambs/kids. See a thickened leathery placenta covered in exudate. ZN stains can be use to demonstrate organisms.