Also known as: Selnick mite
Trixacarus mites are burrowing mites of rodents. They cause Trixacaral mange, particularly in guinea pigs.
Trixacarus mites have a 3 week life cycle and can only survive a few weeks off the host. They are species specific and can be transmitted through direct contact, particularly through close contact between mother and offspring.
The mites cause severe pruritus in laboratory rodents and guinea pigs. Their burrowing activity causes biting, scratching and irritation. This leads to to inflammation, pruritus and alopecia. Affected areas show acanthosis and hyperkeratosis. Death can occur within 3-4 months of infection if it is not treated.
Mite infection can be diagnosed by clinical signs and a skin scrape of a 'non-scratched' region.
Trixacarus caviae - This species causes mange in guinea pigs.
Trixacarus diversus - This species causes mange in rats, mice and hamsters.
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Kummel BA, Estes SA, Arlian LG. (1980) Trixacarus caviae infestation of guinea pigs. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 1;177(9):903–908.
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