Bovine Physiology - WikiNormals

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Physiology Units Approximate Value
General
Urine Specific Gravity Grams per milli-litre 1.030 - 1.045
Maximum Urine Osmolarity mosmol/litre 1400
Urine/Plasma Conc Ratio n/a 5
Rumination Contraction Frequency per min approx. 1
Beef Cow
Rectal Temperature Fahrenheit 100.4 - 101.3
Rectal Temperature Centigrade 38 - 38.5
Dairy Cow
Heart Rate Beats per min 60 - 84
Rectal Temperature Fahrenheit 101 - 102
Rectal Temperature Centigrade 38.3 - 38.9
Resting Respiratory Rate Breaths per min 26 - 50
Oxen
Heart Rate Beats per min 36 - 60
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WIKINORMALS
BOVINE SECTION



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