Category:Endocardial Pathology

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Endocardial Pathology

The endocardium is a smooth layer continuous with the lining of the blood vessels. The endocardium also provides the structure to the valve leaflets. Because of its close association with the blood, endocardium is particularly at risk of trauma and haematogenous infection.

Valvular disease is very rare in the cat.

The heart is also a site of secondary neoplasia, particularly mammary and thyroid adenocarcinomas and haemangiosarcomas.