Equine Internal Medicine Q&A 16

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A nine-week-old Arabian foal is presented with a history of recurrent respiratory infections characterized by nasal discharge, cough, dyspnoea and pyrexia. The foal was normal at birth, but suffered its first bout of respiratory disease at six weeks of age. Over the previous week it had also developed widespread scaling and alopecic skin lesions, from which Dermatophilus congolensis had been cultured. The foal has also had intermittent diarrhoea. Haematological evaluation revealed a severe lymphopenia (lymphocyte count 0.2x109/l).

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What is the most likely diagnosis? Link to Article
How could you confirm this? Link to Article
What is the aetiology of this disease? Link to Article
What are the usual causes of the respiratory infections in this disease? Link to Article
How would you treat this foal? Link to Article

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