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  • Leukoderma or vitiligo - loss of pigment in the skin
  • Leukotrichia - loss of pigment of the hair
  • Hypopigmentation or incomplete albinism - generalised reduction of pigment in skin or hair
  • Albinism - inherited lack of pigment
  • Dilution - reduced pigmentation
  • Can be localised or generalised, idiopathic or asociated with other diseases
  • Examples of hereditary conditions: Maltese dilution of cats, Chediak-Higashi syndrome, leukoderma and leukotrichia of Dobermans, Arabian fading syndrome
  • Asociated with some immune-mediated disorders, e.g. discoid lupus erythematosus