Liver Rupture

From WikiVet English
Jump to navigation Jump to search
  • common result of trauma
  • often clinically occult (small capsular ruptures may clot and heal) unless larger, severe ruptures cause rapid exsanguination or the biliary tract is involved
  • rupture of major bile ducts leads to yellow-stained bile peritonitis
    • may remain sterile and become chronic
    • may be infected by enterohepatic circulation of bacteria such as clostridia followed by rapid death

NB: fatal ruptures can occur in foals during parturition, sometimes concurrent with costal fractures

  • predisposition to rupture
    • diffuse hepatic disease causes enlargement and friability of the liver
    • may occur spontaneously
  • predisposing lesions include:

1. infectious canine hepatitis

2. amyloidosis

3. severe congestion

4. fatty degeneration

5. secondary neoplasms

Liver Rupture Learning Resources
VetstreamVetlexicon advert button.png
To reach the Vetstream content, please select
Canis, Felis, Lapis or Equis