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A list of useful virology resources provided with permission by Vetgate
Feline and canine infectious diseases
Published by Blackwell Science Ltd, and made available on the Web by Provet, this site provides full-text access to the book Feline and canine infectious diseases by RM Gaskell and M Bennett. The book provides information on major canine and feline infectious diseases, viral and bacterial infections, and fungal, algal and protozoal infections. Each disease entry provides information on aetiology, pathogenesis and pathology, clinical signs, diagnosis, treatment, epidemiology, transmission, and prevention and control. The book is searchable by keyword.
This information resource on equine influenza, an acute, highly contagious, viral disease, is produced by the New South Wales Department of Primary Industries (NSW DPI). Information is provided on the clinical signs and symptoms, techniques on how to take a horse's temperature and recording temperatures, and guidelines for disinfection. An interesting summary of the 2007/08 equine influenza outbreak in New South Wales is provided and there are two videos available showing horses with some of the typical symptoms of equine influenza.
Catvirus.com : feline infectious peritonitis and coronavirus website
This website provides authoritative information on feline coronavirus (FCoV) and feline infectious peritonitis (FIP). The website is created and maintained by Dr Diane D. Addie, Lecturer in Veterinary Clinical Virology at the University of Glasgow. Information is provided for both veterinarians and pet owners and includes documentation on wet or effusive FIP, clinical signs and diagnosis of FIP, transmission and prevention of FCoV, feline blood groups, and neonatal isoerythrolysis. Useful features include a register of FCoV tested studs and queens, a FCOV negative kitten register and a register of stud and queen of known blood type. An FAQ section is available as well as a list of useful links and information on free downloads.
Course : virus replication
One in a series of veterinary virology lectures made available on the Web by Supercourse, an online collection of teaching materials from academic institutions world wide, in the field of epidemiology, the Internet and global health. This lecture focuses on virus replication and is prepared by Dr Peter H Russell, from the Royal Veterinary College (RVC). This lecture contains 19 slides and is made available on the Web by the University of Pittsburgh.
Cattle warts : bovine papillomatosis
Published on the Web by the Cooperative Extension Service of Purdue University, and written by RL Morter, DVM, and Larry Horstman, DVM, this fact sheet presents information on the contagious condition Bovine Papillomatosis in cattle, caused by the bovine papillomavirus, which causes skin legions, or warts, to form. It looks at the condition, treatments, and preventitive measures.
Rabies prevention in livestock
Produced by the Ohio State University Extension, this veterinary preventive medicine fact sheet, written by William Shulaw, DVM, and Randall E James, PhD, provides information on the prevention of the viral disease rabies in livestock. It looks at what the disease is, how it is spread, the symptoms, vaccination, animal control, and how animals should be tested for the disease. Statistical information relates only to Ohio.
This resource on pseudorabies (a viral disease of swine that can also affect cattle, horses, dogs, cats, sheep, and goats) is made available by the USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS). It contains authoritative and up-to-date information on the occurrence of pseudorabies in the United States (currently all 50 States of the US are considered free of the pseudorabies virus in commercial production swine herds). Documents available include a Q&A on pseudorabies, pseudorabies eradication program standards, and Program reports and updates.
DARD : bluetongue
Published on the Web by the Northern Ireland Department of Agriculture and Rural Development (DARD), this site provides information on bluetongue. Bluetongue is an insect-borne viral disease to which all species of ruminants are susceptible (sheep are most affected). This resource provides access to a leaflet, FAQs, and a document containing photographs showing the clinical signs of bluetongue. Links to other Web resources are provided.
This document on bluetongue (an insect-borne viral disease of ruminants) was published by the Center for Food Security & Public Health (CFSPH) and was last revised in July 2007. The document considers aetiology, species affected, geographic distribution, transmission (by biting midges in the genus Culicoides), incubation, clinical signs and symptoms, post-mortem lesions, morbidity and mortality, diagnosis, and prevention and control measures. This document also links to a collection of images. References are provided.
European Commission : bluetongue
This authoritative resource provides up-to-date information on the control measures adopted by the European Union (EU) for bluetongue (a non-contagious, insect-transmitted, viral disease of sheep and wild ruminants). Issues covered include disease characteristics and transmission, latest outbreaks (if any) in the EU, prevention and control measures, disease monitoring and surveillance, and disease notification. Resources available include documents, reports, visual information clips, and Q&A.
European Commission : avian influenza
This authoritative resource provides up-to-date information on the control measures adopted by the European Union (EU) for avian influenza, also known as bird flu. Avian influenza is a highly contagious viral infection which can affect all species of birds, and influenza infections in birds are divided in two groups on the basis of their pathogenicity (highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) such as the H5N1 strain and low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI). Issues covered include disease characteristics and transmission, latest disease outbreaks in the EU, prevention and control measures, disease monitoring and surveillance, disease notification, EU legislation, and vaccination. Resources available include documents, reports, guidelines, discussion papers, and Q&A.
Equine infectious anemia
This document on equine infectious anaemia, a potentially fatal viral disease of members of the horse family, was published on the Web by the USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) in January 2008. This document covers degrees of infectiousness (acute, chronic, and inapparent), disease transmission, and prevention and control measures.
Veterinary Medical Research Institute
Located in Hungary, the Veterinary Medical Research Institute aims to investigate the bacterial,viral and parasitic diseases of farm animals and to carry out molecular biology research in these areas. Information is provided on the Institute, its research aims and activities. The Institute offers some postgraduate training and also disseminates scientific information to the public. This site is available in English and Hungarian.
This fact sheet on rabies, a viral disease leading to an almost invariably fatal swelling of the brain that can infect all warm- blooded animals, including humans, is produced and made available on the Web by the Department of Primary Industries, Queensland Government, Australia. Discussed is disease distribution, species affected, clinical signs and symptoms, disease transmission, and control strategies. Revised in 2004.
Classical swine fever
This fact sheet on classical swine fever, also known as hog cholera, a highly contagious viraldisease of pigs, is produced and published on the Web by the Department of Primary Industries, Queensland Government, Australia. Discussed is the distribution, species affected, clinical signs and symptoms, disease transmission, and control strategies.
This fact sheet on vesicular exanthema, an acute viral disease of pigs, is produced and made available on the Web by the Department of Primary Industries, Queensland Government, Australia. Discussed are the causes, symptoms, species affected, distribution, disease transmission, and control strategies.
This brief fact sheet on Vesicular stomatitis (VS), an infectious viral disease of a number of species, is produced and made available on the Web by the Department of Primary Industries (DPI), Queensland Government, Australia. An outline of the attributes of the disease and a summary of control strategies in the case of an Australian outbreak is provided.
Canadian Food Inspection Agency : rabies
This resource on rabies, a viral disease that attacks the central nervous system of warm-blooded animals, including humans, is compiled by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA). Information is provided for those responsible for the care and welfare of animals, and also for the general public. Resources available include news releases, information bulletins, fact sheets, reports, guidelines, surveys, alert messages, and disease reporting measures. This site is also available in French.
Canadian Food Inspection Agency : vesicular stomatitis
This resource on vesicular stomatitis, a viral disease affecting horses, ruminants such as cattle, sheep and members of the deer and llama families, and swine, is compiled by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA). Information is provided for those responsible for the care and welfare of animals, and also for the general public. Resources available include news releases, information bulletins, fact sheets, reports, guidelines, surveys, alert messages, and disease reporting measures. This site is also available in French.
Canadian Food Inspection agency : foot and mouth disease
This resource on foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) a communicable viral disease of cattle and swine, is compiled by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA). Information is provided for those responsible for the care and welfare of animals, and also for the general public. Resources available include news releases, information bulletins, fact sheets, reports, guidelines, surveys, alert messages, and disease reporting measures. This site is also available in French.
Disease factsheet : equine infectious anaemia
This disease fact sheet on equine infectious anaemia, a viral disease of horses, is produced and published on the Web by the UK Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra). This fact sheet covers disease history and transmission, epidemiology, post-mortem procedures, and prevention and control methods. There is a Q&A section, which provides detailed information on equine infectious anaemia, as well as related key documents.
Equine infectious anemia
One in a series of equine animal health information brochures produced and made available on the Web by the Alberta Veterinary Medical Association. Aimed at the public, this brochure on equine infectious anaemia, an infectious viral disease of horses, donkeys and mules, covers clinical signs and symptoms, phases of the disease, transmission, risk factors, detection, and control measures.
Respiratory diseases in horses : what you can do to prevent them
This document on preventing respiratory diseases in horses is one in a series of veterinary medicine publications published by the Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service. Authored by Carolynn MacAllister, DVM, an extension veterinary medicine specialist, this document was published in May 2001. Both bacterial and viral respiratory diseases are covered and topics cover equine herpes virus, equine influenza virus, and equine viral arteritis, strangles, and Rhodococcus equi pneumonia. Treatment options for both bacterial and viral respiratory diseases are provided.
Equine vaccination programs
Published on the Web by the Oklahoma State University this 4 page fact sheet was written by Carolynn MacAllister, DVM, and was produced for the Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service. It provides information on key equine diseases, and the vaccinations which can prevent them. It covers tetanus, rhinopneumonitis, influenza, strangles, equine viral arteritis (EVA), rabies, potomac horse fever, and encephalomyelitis.
Feline infectious peritonitis
This information sheet on the usually fatal disease feline infectious peritonitis (FIP), a severe disease caused by the viral infection feline coronavirus, is produced and published on the Web by the Feline Advisory Bureau (FAB), a UK charity. It discusses transmission, clinical signs, diagnosis, treatment, and preventative measures, which can be taken. This is one in a series of information sheets authored by experts in the field of feline medicine and aimed at cat owners.