Difference between revisions of "Oropharyngeal anatomy"
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<WikiQuiz  <WikiQuiz  
questionnumber="1"  questionnumber="1"  
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choice5="Fungiform"  choice5="Fungiform"  
correctchoice="3"  correctchoice="3"  
−  feedback3="'''Correct!''' Filiform papillae form backwardfacing hooks which help hold food and in the cat they are very well developed to provide the abrasiveness needed for selfgrooming. These papillae do not have taste buds. [[  +  feedback3="'''Correct!''' Filiform papillae form backwardfacing hooks which help hold food and in the cat they are very well developed to provide the abrasiveness needed for selfgrooming. These papillae do not have taste buds. [[Tongue  Anatomy & Physiology#Types of PapillaeWikiVet Article: Tongue]]" 
−  feedback4="'''Incorrect.''' Conical papillae are found on the caudal third of the tongue interspersed between filiform papillae and they do not have taste buds. They are no more developed in cats than in other species. The correct answer is filiform papillae. [[  +  feedback4="'''Incorrect.''' Conical papillae are found on the caudal third of the tongue interspersed between filiform papillae and they do not have taste buds. They are no more developed in cats than in other species. The correct answer is filiform papillae. [[Tongue  Anatomy & Physiology#Types of PapillaeWikiVet Article: Tongue]]" 
−  feedback2="'''Incorrect.''' Foliate papillae are found on the caudal third of the tongue, either side of the midline and they are covered in taste buds. They are no more developed in cats than in other species. The correct answer is filiform papillae. [[  +  feedback2="'''Incorrect.''' Foliate papillae are found on the caudal third of the tongue, either side of the midline and they are covered in taste buds. They are no more developed in cats than in other species. The correct answer is filiform papillae. [[Tongue  Anatomy & Physiology#Types of PapillaeWikiVet Article: Tongue]]" 
−  feedback1="'''Incorrect.''' Vallate (or circumvallate) papillae are large papillae found in a row forming in inverted 'V' towards the base of the tongue, taste buds are found on the side of these papillae. They are no more developed in cats than in other species. The correct answer is filiform papillae. [[  +  feedback1="'''Incorrect.''' Vallate (or circumvallate) papillae are large papillae found in a row forming in inverted 'V' towards the base of the tongue, taste buds are found on the side of these papillae. They are no more developed in cats than in other species. The correct answer is filiform papillae. [[Tongue  Anatomy & Physiology#Types of PapillaeWikiVet Article: Tongue]]" 
−  feedback5="'''Incorrect.''' Fungiform papillae are the red dots seen on the rostral two thirds of the tongue and they are covered in taste buds. They are no more developed in cats than in other species. The correct answer is filiform papillae. [[  +  feedback5="'''Incorrect.''' Fungiform papillae are the red dots seen on the rostral two thirds of the tongue and they are covered in taste buds. They are no more developed in cats than in other species. The correct answer is filiform papillae. [[Tongue  Anatomy & Physiology#Types of PapillaeWikiVet Article: Tongue]]" 
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</WikiQuiz>  </WikiQuiz>  
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choice1="Interarytenoid cartilage"  choice1="Interarytenoid cartilage"  
correctchoice="3"  correctchoice="3"  
−  feedback3="'''Correct!''' The cricoid cartilage is ringshaped. [[Larynx  Anatomy & PhysiologyWikiVet Article:  +  feedback3="'''Correct!''' The cricoid cartilage is ringshaped. [[Larynx  Anatomy & PhysiologyWikiVet Article: Larynx]]" 
−  feedback5="'''Incorrect.''' The thyroid cartilage forms most of the floor of the larynx. It is the cricoid cartilage which is ringshaped. [[Larynx  Anatomy & PhysiologyWikiVet Article:  +  feedback5="'''Incorrect.''' The thyroid cartilage forms most of the floor of the larynx. It is the cricoid cartilage which is ringshaped. [[Larynx  Anatomy & PhysiologyWikiVet Article: Larynx]]"." 
−  feedback4="'''Incorrect.''' The arytenoid cartilages are a pair of triangular shaped cartilages which articulate with the rostral part of the ringshaped cricoid cartilage. [[Larynx  Anatomy & PhysiologyWikiVet Article:  +  feedback4="'''Incorrect.''' The arytenoid cartilages are a pair of triangular shaped cartilages which articulate with the rostral part of the ringshaped cricoid cartilage. [[Larynx  Anatomy & PhysiologyWikiVet Article: Larynx]]" 
−  feedback2="'''Incorrect.''' The epiglottic cartilage is leafshaped and is the most rostral cartilage of the larynx. It is the cricoid cartilage which is ringshaped. [[Larynx  Anatomy & PhysiologyWikiVet Article:  +  feedback2="'''Incorrect.''' The epiglottic cartilage is leafshaped and is the most rostral cartilage of the larynx. It is the cricoid cartilage which is ringshaped. [[Larynx  Anatomy & PhysiologyWikiVet Article: Larynx]]" 
−  feedback1="'''Incorrect.''' The interarytenoid cartilage is a nodule of hyaline cartilage found between the arytenoid cartilages dorsally. It is the cricoid cartilage which is ringshaped. [[Larynx  Anatomy & PhysiologyWikiVet Article:  +  feedback1="'''Incorrect.''' The interarytenoid cartilage is a nodule of hyaline cartilage found between the arytenoid cartilages dorsally. It is the cricoid cartilage which is ringshaped. [[Larynx  Anatomy & PhysiologyWikiVet Article: Larynx]]" 
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</WikiQuiz>  </WikiQuiz>  
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choice1="2 (I3/3 C1/1 P3/3 M3/2)"  choice1="2 (I3/3 C1/1 P3/3 M3/2)"  
correctchoice="4"  correctchoice="4"  
−  feedback4="'''Correct!''' Dogs have three upper and three lower incisors, one upper and one lower canine, four upper and four lower premolars and two upper and three lower molars in each half of their mouth. [[  +  feedback4="'''Correct!''' Dogs have three upper and three lower incisors, one upper and one lower canine, four upper and four lower premolars and two upper and three lower molars in each half of their mouth. [[Dental Formula  DogWikiVet Article: Dental Formula  Dog]]" 
−  feedback5="'''Incorrect.''' The incisors, canines and premolars are correct but dogs have two upper and three lower molars in each half of their mouth. The dental formula should read 2 (I3/3 C1/1 P4/4 M2/3). [[  +  feedback5="'''Incorrect.''' The incisors, canines and premolars are correct but dogs have two upper and three lower molars in each half of their mouth. The dental formula should read 2 (I3/3 C1/1 P4/4 M2/3). [[Dental Formula  DogWikiVet Article: Dental Formula  Dog]]" 
−  feedback2="'''Incorrect.''' The incisors, canines and molars are correct but dogs have four upper and four lower premolars in each half of their mouth. The dental formula should read 2 (I3/3 C1/1 P4/4 M2/3). [[  +  feedback2="'''Incorrect.''' The incisors, canines and molars are correct but dogs have four upper and four lower premolars in each half of their mouth. The dental formula should read 2 (I3/3 C1/1 P4/4 M2/3). [[Dental Formula  Dog WikiVet Article: Dental Formula  Dog]]" 
−  feedback3="'''Incorrect.''' The incisors, canines and premolars are correct but dogs have two upper and three lower molars in each half of their mouth. The dental formula should read 2 (I3/3 C1/1 P4/4 M2/3). [[  +  feedback3="'''Incorrect.''' The incisors, canines and premolars are correct but dogs have two upper and three lower molars in each half of their mouth. The dental formula should read 2 (I3/3 C1/1 P4/4 M2/3). [[Dental Formula  DogWikiVet Article:Dental Formula  Dog]]" 
−  feedback1="'''Incorrect.''' The incisors and canines are correct but dogs have four upper and four lower premolars and two upper and three lower molars in each half of their mouth. The dental formula should read 2 (I3/3 C1/1 P4/4 M2/3). [[  +  feedback1="'''Incorrect.''' The incisors and canines are correct but dogs have four upper and four lower premolars and two upper and three lower molars in each half of their mouth. The dental formula should read 2 (I3/3 C1/1 P4/4 M2/3). [[Dental Formula  DogWikiVet Article: Dental Formula  Dog]]" 
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choice4="2 ( I 3/3, C 1/1, P 3/2, M 2/2"  choice4="2 ( I 3/3, C 1/1, P 3/2, M 2/2"  
correctchoice="3"  correctchoice="3"  
−  feedback3="'''Correct!''' Cats have three upper and three lower incisors, one upper and one lower canine, three upper and two lower premolars and one upper and one lower molar in each half of their mouth. [[  +  feedback3="'''Correct!''' Cats have three upper and three lower incisors, one upper and one lower canine, three upper and two lower premolars and one upper and one lower molar in each half of their mouth. [[Dental Formula  CatWikiVet Article: Dental Formula  Cat]]" 
−  feedback5="'''Incorrect.''' The incisors, canines and molars are correct but cats have three upper and two lower premolars in each half of their mouth. The dental formula should read 2 (I3/3 C1/1 P3/2 M1/1). [[  +  feedback5="'''Incorrect.''' The incisors, canines and molars are correct but cats have three upper and two lower premolars in each half of their mouth. The dental formula should read 2 (I3/3 C1/1 P3/2 M1/1). [[Dental Formula  CatWikiVet Article: Dental Formula  Cat]]" 
−  feedback2="'''Incorrect.''' The incisors, canines and molars are correct but cats have three upper and two lower premolars in each half of their mouth. The dental formula should read 2 (I3/3 C1/1 P3/2 M1/1). [[  +  feedback2="'''Incorrect.''' The incisors, canines and molars are correct but cats have three upper and two lower premolars in each half of their mouth. The dental formula should read 2 (I3/3 C1/1 P3/2 M1/1). [[Dental Formula  CatWikiVet Article: Dental Formula  Cat]]" 
−  feedback1="'''Incorrect.''' The incisors, canines and molars are correct but cats have three upper and two lower premolars in each half of their mouth. The dental formula should read 2 (I3/3 C1/1 P3/2 M1/1). [[  +  feedback1="'''Incorrect.''' The incisors, canines and molars are correct but cats have three upper and two lower premolars in each half of their mouth. The dental formula should read 2 (I3/3 C1/1 P3/2 M1/1). [[Dental Formula  CatWikiVet Article: Dental Formula  Cat]]" 
−  feedback4="'''Incorrect.''' The incisors, canines and premolars are correct but cats have one upper and one lower molar in each half of their mouth. The dental formula should read 2 (I3/3 C1/1 P3/2 M1/1). [[  +  feedback4="'''Incorrect.''' The incisors, canines and premolars are correct but cats have one upper and one lower molar in each half of their mouth. The dental formula should read 2 (I3/3 C1/1 P3/2 M1/1). [[Dental Formula  CatWikiVet Article: Dental Formula  Cat]]" 
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</WikiQuiz>  </WikiQuiz>  
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choice5="506"  choice5="506"  
correctchoice="2"  correctchoice="2"  
−  feedback2="'''Correct!''' This digit 1 denotes the quadrant i.e. the right upper permanent quadrant. Digits 0 and 6 denote the tooth position within the quadrant and the second premolar is the sixth tooth along from the midline.Link to  +  feedback2="'''Correct!''' This digit 1 denotes the quadrant i.e. the right upper permanent quadrant. Digits 0 and 6 denote the tooth position within the quadrant and the second premolar is the sixth tooth along from the midline. [http://www.rvc.ac.uk/review/dentistry/Basics/triadan/dog.html Link to Veterinary Dentistry]" 
−  feedback3="'''Incorrect.''' This is the lower right second premolar. The correct answer is 106. Link to  +  feedback3="'''Incorrect.''' This is the lower right second premolar. The correct answer is 106. [http://www.rvc.ac.uk/review/dentistry/Basics/triadan/dog.html Link to Veterinary Dentistry]" 
−  feedback4="'''Incorrect.''' This is the lower left second premolar. The correct answer is 106. Link to  +  feedback4="'''Incorrect.''' This is the lower left second premolar. The correct answer is 106. [http://www.rvc.ac.uk/review/dentistry/Basics/triadan/dog.html Link to Veterinary Dentistry]" 
−  feedback1="'''Incorrect.''' This is the upper left second premolar. The correct answer is 106. Link to  +  feedback1="'''Incorrect.''' This is the upper left second premolar. The correct answer is 106. [http://www.rvc.ac.uk/review/dentistry/Basics/triadan/dog.html Link to Veterinary Dentistry]" 
−  feedback5="'''Incorrect.''' This number correctly identifies the upper right second premolar, but the digit  +  feedback5="'''Incorrect.''' This number correctly identifies the upper right second premolar, but the digit 5 denotes the right upper deciduous quadrant and since this is an eight year old dog it will have permanent teeth. The correct answer is 106. [http://www.rvc.ac.uk/review/dentistry/Basics/triadan/dog.html Link to Veterinary Dentistry]" 
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choice3="2 ( I 3/ 3, C 1/ 1, P 3/ 34, M 4/ 4)"  choice3="2 ( I 3/ 3, C 1/ 1, P 3/ 34, M 4/ 4)"  
correctchoice="1"  correctchoice="1"  
−  feedback1="'''Correct!''' In the horse, upper premolar one, or the wolf tooth, is often lacking, hence the upper dental formula of P 34. Horses have three upper and three lower molar teeth on each side, which work in a unit along with their premolars. Females usually don't have canines so the formula is often written 1(0)/ 1(0) for mares. [[  +  feedback1="'''Correct!''' In the horse, upper premolar one, or the wolf tooth, is often lacking, hence the upper dental formula of P 34. Horses have three upper and three lower molar teeth on each side, which work in a unit along with their premolars. Females usually don't have canines so the formula is often written 1(0)/ 1(0) for mares. [[Dental Formula  HorseWikiVet Article: Dental Formula  Horse]]" 
−  feedback2="'''Incorrect.''' The horse only has three lower premolars but usually has an extra upper premolar i.e. premolar one or the wolf tooth. The dental formula should read 2 (I 3/ 3, C 1/ 1, P 34/ 3, M 3/ 3).Females usually don't have canines so the formula is often written 1(0)/ 1(0) for mares. [[  +  feedback2="'''Incorrect.''' The horse only has three lower premolars but usually has an extra upper premolar i.e. premolar one or the wolf tooth. The dental formula should read 2 (I 3/ 3, C 1/ 1, P 34/ 3, M 3/ 3).Females usually don't have canines so the formula is often written 1(0)/ 1(0) for mares. [[Dental Formula  HorseWikiVet Article: Dental Formula  Horse]]" 
−  feedback5="'''Incorrect.''' Horses have three lower and three upper molars. The dental formula should read 2 (I 3/ 3, C 1/ 1, P 34/ 3, M 3/ 3). Females usually don't have canines so the formula is often written 1(0)/ 1(0) for mares. [[  +  feedback5="'''Incorrect.''' Horses have three lower and three upper molars. The dental formula should read 2 (I 3/ 3, C 1/ 1, P 34/ 3, M 3/ 3). Females usually don't have canines so the formula is often written 1(0)/ 1(0) for mares. [[Dental Formula  HorseWikiVet Article: Dental Formula  Horse]]" 
−  feedback4="'''Incorrect.''' Although this dental formula may be correct for many horses, most horses have an extra upper premolar i.e. premolar one, or the wolf tooth. The dental formula should read 2 (I 3/ 3, C 1/ 1, P 34/ 3, M 3/ 3). Females usually don't have canines so the formula is often written 1(0)/ 1(0) for mares. [[  +  feedback4="'''Incorrect.''' Although this dental formula may be correct for many horses, most horses have an extra upper premolar i.e. premolar one, or the wolf tooth. The dental formula should read 2 (I 3/ 3, C 1/ 1, P 34/ 3, M 3/ 3). Females usually don't have canines so the formula is often written 1(0)/ 1(0) for mares. [[Dental Formula  HorseWikiVet Article: Dental Formula  Horse]]" 
−  feedback3="'''Incorrect.''' The horse only has three lower premolars but usually has an extra upper premolar i.e. premolar one, or the wolf tooth. Also horses have three lower and three upper premolars so thedental formula should read 2 (I 3/ 3, C 1/ 1, P 34/ 3, M 3/ 3). Females usually don't have canines so the formula is often written 1(0)/ 1(0) for mares. [[  +  feedback3="'''Incorrect.''' The horse only has three lower premolars but usually has an extra upper premolar i.e. premolar one, or the wolf tooth. Also horses have three lower and three upper premolars so thedental formula should read 2 (I 3/ 3, C 1/ 1, P 34/ 3, M 3/ 3). Females usually don't have canines so the formula is often written 1(0)/ 1(0) for mares. [[Dental Formula  HorseWikiVet Article: Dental Formula  Horse]]" 
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</WikiQuiz>  </WikiQuiz>  
+  
+  [[Category:Alimentary System Anatomy & Physiology Quizzes]] 
Latest revision as of 10:38, 26 June 2011

Questions reviewed by:  David Bainbridge VetMB MA PhD MRCVS David Kilroy MVB CVMA MRCVS Kirstie Pickles BVMS MSc Cert EM (Int Med) PhD Dip ECEIM MRCVS Lecturer in Equine Practice 
1 
Which of the following is not a primary muscle of mastication? 
2 
Which tongue papillae are particularly well developed in the cat and give the tongue its rough texture? 
3 
Which two muscles shorten the oropharynx? 
4 
Which part of the domestic mammalian hyoid apparatus articulates with the larynx? 
5 
Which hyoid bone has a lingual process in horses, ruminants and pigs? 
6 
Which laryngeal muscle is the principle abductor of the arytenoids? 
7 
Which laryngeal cartilage is ringshaped? 
8 
What is the permanent dental formula of a dog? 
9 
What is the permanent dental formula of a cat? 
10 
You are performing a dental on an eight year old dog in your practice and you decide to extract the dog's upper right second premolar. How would you identify this tooth using the modified Triadan system? 
11 
What is the permanent dental formula of a horse? 