A Tribute to Nick Short

It is with extreme sadness that we share the news that one of WikiVet’s founders, Nick Short, has passed away.

Nick was the driving force behind WikiVet and all that it stood for, and it is thanks to his vision, innovative approach and tireless enthusiasm and belief, that WikiVet is available as a free resource to veterinary professionals around the world today. Nick’s dedication and passion for veterinary education were truly inspirational and his very many friends, colleagues and students across the world have lost a true gem. He was an exceptional human being: gentle, good-natured, charming, generous and kind: he has left many legacies which will ensure that he will be remembered for many years.

Our thoughts are with his friends and family at this heartbreaking time. A book of remembrance has been set up for anyone that would like to leave a message of condolence for Nick and his family have asked that anyone who wishes to do so make a donation to BipolarUK, a charity that was close to Nick’s heart.

Camelid Stomach - Anatomy & Physiology

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Introduction

Camelids have a similar digestive structure to other ruminants, although camelids only have three separate stomach compartments compared to the four found in domestic species. The first element of the camelid GI tract, known as C1, can be compared to the rumen whilst the second, known as C2 can be compared to the reticulum. The final element of the tract, C3 can be compared to the abomasum. Therefore camelids do not have a structure comparable to an omasum.

C1
This first compartment acts as a 'hopper-like' container and is most comparible to the rumen, although with some notable differences. Dorsal regions have stratified squamous epithelium and are non-keratinized whilst ventral regions (glandular saccules) are lined by mucinous epithelial cells. There are no papillae present in C1. C1 is thought to be involved in absorption of water and solutes, but is not thought to play a role in bicarbonate formation. The contents of C1 are homogenous and fibrous and there is no dorsal gas cap as can be seen in ruminants. A single walled oesophageal groove is present.

C2
This compartment is comprised of mostly glandular epithelium except for the area around the oesophageal groove. C2 also contains numerous glandular divisions forming a retiform pattern in a similar manner to the reticulum.

C3
This compartment is entirely glandular and the terminal 1/5th portion contains gastric glands. The mucosa of the glandular area is reddish brown whilst the non-glandular area is pink.


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