Liver Displacement

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cranial displacement

  • congenital and acquired (trauma) displacement associated with ventral and diaphragmatic hernias
  • results in herniation of the liver into the thoracic cavity
  • usually only one lobe enters thorax with other viscera
  • blood supply may not be interrupted but may be severely congested and rupture
  • may become hardened over time

caudal displacement

  • more common
  • liver will be displaced behind the costal arch
  • due to organ enlargement or caudal displacement of the diaphragm

NB: the diaphragm may be displaced because of pleural effusion or other space occupying lesion in the thorax

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Liver Pathology Flashcards