Small Animal Emergency and Critical Care Medicine Q&A 03

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A five-year-old, castrated male domestic shorthair cat is presented after a 2 month history of slowly progressive dyspnea and anorexia. The owner is concerned today because the cat is coughing. On presentation the cat is tachypneic, with a RR of 60 bpm. Lung sounds are not auscultated in the ventral fields and the heart is muffled. The cat has a choppy, dysynchrous breathing pattern.

Question Answer Article
What is your initial emergency therapeutic plan? Link to Article
Thoracocentesis initially relieves the cat’s distress and yields the fluid shown. What is the most likely character of this fluid, and how would you confirm this? Link to Article
What is your differential diagnosis for conditions associated with this type of fluid production? Link to Article
How would you proceed to determine the underlying disease process? Link to Article
What are the therapeutic options and the prognosis for successful long-term management? Link to Article

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