Enzootic Pneumonia - Lambs

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  • Caused by Pasteurella (Manheimia) haemolytica, possibly together with Mycoplasma ovipneumoniae
  • Mainly in late spring/early summer after environmental stress i.e. handling or moving
  • May be acute with producing a fibrinonecrotic bronchopneumonia and associated pleuritis
  • Or tending towards chronicity with abscessation and fibrous pleural adhesions
  • A septicaemic form (mortality 5%) is reported to follow the stress of movement to new pasture in the autumn in weaned lambs.
  • Foci of necrosis containing many bacteria are seen at the site of initial invasion in the pharynx and in the liver
  • Meningitis in young lambs and mastitis in ewes are other expressions