Left ventricular concentric hypertrophy without an identifiable cause is known as hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. The ventricular myocardium becomes so thick that the lumen is reduced to a size that is not compatible with maintaining the heart's function as a pump. The left ventricle no longer has the capacity to hold normal volumes of blood during diastole. As a result, the left atrium dilates from the increased pressure and volume of blood backing up into the lungs.
This heart disease is rare in dogs but is the most common cardiac disease in cats. It more frequently occurs in Persians and Siamese breeds of cat. It is thought to be inherited in Maine Coon cats.
The disease can often be present without clinical signs (asymptomatic).
There may be hindlimb paresis or weakness, if saddle thrombus (cats) occurs due to this disease.
Physical examination and auscultation will reveal a systolic murmur and ventricular arrhythmias.
Radiography of the thorax will show a degree of left atrial enlargement, a generally enlarged heart and pulmonary congestion & edema.
On Electrocardiography (ECG), there will often be presence of a tall R wave and a wide QRS complex. Ventricular arrhythmias, conduction disturbances and sinus tachycardia may also be seen.
Upon Echocardiography, left ventricular concentric hypertrophy, left atrial enlargement and mitral valve insufficiency are commonly seen with this condition. The chamber size will appear dramatically reduced.
It is necessary to treat the individual symptoms, as there is no treatment for the condition.
Drugs with contraindications include arterial vasodilators and positive inotropes.
Poor for symptomatic cats.
|Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Learning Resources|
To reach the Vetstream content, please select
|Canis, Felis, Lapis or Equis|
Test your knowledge using flashcard type questions
|Myocardial Pathology Flashcards|
Ettinger, S.J. and Feldman, E. C. (2000) Textbook of Veterinary Internal Medicine Diseases of the Dog and Cat Volume 2 (Fifth Edition) W.B. Saunders Company
Ettinger, S.J, Feldman, E.C. (2005) Textbook of Veterinary Internal Medicine (6th edition, volume 2) W.B. Saunders Company
Fossum, T. W. et. al. (2007) Small Animal Surgery (Third Edition) Mosby Elsevier
|This article has been peer reviewed but is awaiting expert review. If you would like to help with this, please see more information about expert reviewing.|
|WikiVet® Introduction - Help WikiVet - Report a Problem|