- Measure and weigh the snake and examine the external features.
- Check the skin for bite wounds, bruising, bleeding, ulcerations, burns, swellings, scars, retained shed and ectoparasites.
- Examine the nares, spectacles, eyes, oral cavity and cloaca.
- Assess the musculoskeletal system for body condition and palpate for pathology of the vertebra.
- Open the coelomic cavity. Split the fat body in the median line to expose the organs. Check for fluid.
- Examine all organs in a systematic manner - liver, gall bladder, spleen, pancreas, heart, large vessels, thyroid, lung, oesophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, kidneys, gonads, adrenal glands and eventually the brain.
- Open trachea, lungs, heart, oesophagus, stomach and the intestinal tract, and section other organs as necessary.
- Take swabs as appropriate including heart blood, liver, spleen and kidney.
- Take sterile smear of heart blood for staining.
- Put liver, lung, kidney, spleen and intestine in both formal saline (transfer to 70% ethanol after 48 hours) and frozen in sterile container.
- Make impression smears of different parts of intestines.
- Take a sterile sample of any abnormal gut contents, make a smear in saline.
- Wash the gut contents out in saline, examine for signs of parasites.
- Inspect the gonads to sex definitively
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|Reptile pathology: getting the most out of pathology. St. Leger, J.; The North American Veterinary Conference, Gainesville, USA, Small animal and exotics. Proceedings of the North American Veterinary Conference, Orlando, Florida, USA, 16-20 January 2010, 2010, pp 1714-1716, 5 ref.
The reptile necropsy: collection and submission of pathologic samples. Garner, M. M.; Eastern States Veterinary Association, Gainesville, USA, Small animal and exotics. Proceedings of the North American Veterinary Conference, Volume 19, Orlando, Florida, USA, 8-12 January, 2005, 2005, pp 1275-1277
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