This is a rare syndrome is a complex of xerophthalmia and xerostomia due to lymphocyte-mediated destruction of exocrine glands of salivary glands. Both those terms refer to cessation of production of tear or saliva respectively. It may be caused by a primary autoimmune defect or part of another autoimmune condition.
Other causes of xerostomia include dysautonomia, infectious sialadenitis, neoplasia, salivary amyloidosis, head and neck radiation, drugs or autolytic disease.
Diagnosis by elimination of all other causes of these clinical signs.
Supportive treatments to treat clinical signs can be used such as eye lubrication, cleaning and cleansing the mouth and pain relief.
Guarded to Poor
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Merck & Co (2008) The Merck Veterinary Manual (Eighth Edition) Merial
Nelson, R.W. and Couto, C.G. (2009) Small Animal Internal Medicine (Fourth Edition) Mosby Elsevier.
Tilley, L.P. and Smith, F.W.K.(2004)The 5-minute Veterinary Consult (Third edition) Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins.
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